The Research we cited was published by Christopher Gandrud. You can download his latest article “Two Sword Lengths Apart: Credible commitment problems and physical violence in democratic national legislatures” here.
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A parliament session in Kenya has descended into chaos, with rival MPs trading punches.
Opposition lawmakers tried to block discussions on the introduction of manual vote-counting for next year’s presidential election.
The government wants a back-up to the electronic system but the opposition says it is a way of rigging the poll.
Kenyan politics is known to be highly partisan and this is not the first physical fight.
In 2014, four lawmakers were assaulted and one had his shirt torn.
The live video feed from parliament was cut after the fight broke out on Tuesday evening and journalists were ordered out of the press gallery.
After an earlier highly charged discussion over the proposed changes to the electoral law, opposition MP Millie Odhiambo attacked President Uhuru Kenyatta, calling him “extremely stupid”.
Mr Kenyatta gave his initial response to that attack at an event to usher in the festive season, saying “some idiots continue to insult me” but added that it was part of their freedom.
But Mr Kenyatta seems to have now ended his war of words with Ms Odhiambo, as a local media station on Wednesday shared a picture of a Christmas card from the president addressed to the MP.
Ukraine party leaders throw punches during a meeting of parliament factions after one MP accuses another of having ties to Russia’s Kremlin. The leader of Ukraine’s Radical Party Oleg Lyashko was punched in the face by Opposition Bloc Deputy Yury Boyko in Kiev on Monday.
Two lawmakers who want Hong Kong to split from China wrestles with security in parliament, with one of them dragged from the chamber, as fears grow Beijing will step in over the saga.
Two Georgian politicians poured water over each other and exchange kicks and blows during live TV debates ahead of the parliamentary election.
A member of the Industrialist party Zaza Agladze poured a glass of water over his opponent Irakli Glonti from State For The People party.
Glonti replied with throwing water on his opponent. They continued with trying to push and kick each other as presenter Maka Razmadze who also got splashed with water tried to keep them apart in the studio.
A fistfight erupted between candidates for the Georgian Parliament late on Wednesday during a political talk show.
Candidates from the Democratic Movement and the Industrials political bloc started to insult each other while on air at the regional TV network Qvemo Kartli, before getting into a physical fight.
The political climate is heating up in Georgia in the run up to elections scheduled for 8 October 2016.